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Economics - Master's Programme

MSc in Business and Economics, major in Economics | 2 years | 120 credits

A lot of formulas and graphs on a blackboard

The Master’s programme in Economics brings you the quantitative skills and analytical mindset that are essential for a successful career in governmental organisations, international institutions, and private sector firms such as banks and economic consultancies.

Description

The programme provides you with deep and thorough knowledge of modern economic theories, concepts, techniques, and their applications. You will acquire the necessary skills to undertake advanced economic analysis and become familiar with state-of-the-art research. The rigorous and research-based education will enable you to undertake advanced economic analysis by applying modern economic theory and state-of-the-art tools for handling data and conducting econometric analysis (using, for example, STATA and MATLAB).

The programme offers a wide range of elective courses (60 credits in total) allowing you to specialise in your field of interest. You also have the opportunity to study one semester abroad at one of our international partner universities. We offer a high-quality learning experience. The lecturers are dedicated to teaching but also active in research, ensuring you access to the latest developments in their fields.

Taken together, the programme equips you with a comprehensive package of knowledge, skills, and tools crucial for understanding and analysing the key economic issues of today and tomorrow.

Exchange opportunity

You apply in February (during your second semester) to be able to go on an exchange in the autumn (during the third semester). In some cases, the fourth semester might also be an option. Note however that your Master’s essay cannot be written during your exchange, it must be written in Lund.

Requirements for exchange studies

Contact

Master coordinator Economics
master [at] nek [dot] lu [dot] se (master[at]nek[dot]lu[dot]se)

Programme documents


Course Content

A unique feature of the Master’s programme in Economics is the ability to tailor your degree to your interest. You can choose from different specialisations or profiles:

  • Econometrics
  • Financial Economics
  • International and Development Economics
  • Macroeconomics
  • Microeconomics
  • Public Economics with Health and Labour Economics

This two-year MSc programme contains three types of courses:
Core courses: 30 credits in total
Specialisation courses (including elective courses): 60 credits in total
Master's essays: 30 credits in total (two essays of 15 credits each)

This design allows for a large degree of flexibility. Each specialisation has a recommended profile. Whilst free choice within the specialisation courses will be allowed as long as the specific prerequisites for the course are satisfied, it is expected that most students will follow these recommended profiles.

This is a preliminary course list, and is intended as guidance only. The course list may be subject to change. All courses given at the Department of Economics are found on their webpages. 

Master's studies in Economics 

Core courses (30 ECTS in total)

This block contains courses in mathematical methods, econometrics, microeconomics and macroeconomics. These are core courses for all students within the programme and you study them during your first semester.

The course presents modern microeconomic theory and a set of applications. The applications considered include: the theory of economic decision making under risk and uncertainty, non-cooperative game theory and the basic concepts of dominance, Nash equilibrium, and subgame perfection, the theory of monopoly, oligopoly theory, developing game theoretic models of competition in prices and quantities as well as sequential competition, the basic theory of incentive problems created by asymmetric information about actions or states of nature.

Course code: NEKN21 | Download syllabus

This course gives the basis that is needed to enable students to empirically analyse economic data without making unrealistic assumptions. Modern econometric techniques are treated, and at the same time considerable emphasis is placed on fundamental econometric thinking. Theoretical studies are interwoven with practical applications in the form of computer exercises.

Course code: NEKN31 | Download syllabus

The content of the course is the following topics:

  • Elementary set theory (set inclusion, union, intersection)
  • Elementary number theory (natural numbers, rational numbers, real numbers)
  • Elementary functions (polynomial, exponential, logarithmic)
  • Differentiation (basic rules, diufferentiation of elementary functions, total and partial, chain rule)
  • Constrained optimization with equality and inequality constraints (Lagrange and Kuhn–Tucker)
  • Convergence of series and limits (simple cases)
  • Integration (basic rules, integration of elementary functions, one variable)
  • Linear algebra (basic operations with matrices and vectors)
  • Basic probability theory (what probabilities are, expected value, expectations operator, Bayes rule)

Course code: NEKN32 | Download syllabus

An important part consists of modern macroeconomic models based on individual forward-looking behaviour of firms and households. The course deals primarily with the short run, i.e. business cycle phenomena and stabilization policy. In addition, the determinants of long-run inflation and unemployment are studied.

The course begins with consumption and investment theory. These theories form the basis of the real business cycle theory where. Then follows New Keynesian models of the business cycle, which rely on temporarily fixed prices and wages. Next, the theories of structural unemployment are presented.

Course code: NEKN41 | Download syllabus


Specialisation courses, including electives (60 ECTS in total)

Within the programme you can choose from different specialisations. There is no requirement of following a specific profile (that is, one can take specialisation courses from different profiles), but it is highly recommended.


Econometrics profile – recommended specialisation courses

60 ECTS credits of specialisation courses and/or elective courses are required for each profile. These are recommended specialisation courses for this specific profile: 

This course covers modern econometric tools and empirical strategies used by economists and demographers for the analysis of cross-sectional and panel micro- data. The course teaches the econometric theory behind these techniques but also requires reading of high-quality empirical articles and applications of the taught methods using real data sets.

Course code: NEKN33 | Download syllabus

The course gives an introduction to basic concepts within time series analysis. The univariate analysis of time series in this course is based upon ARMA/ARIMA and ARCH-/GARCH models. Multivariate time series analysis is based on VAR models. Nonstationary time series are analysed using unit root tests, cointegration methods and VEC models. Theoretical studies are interwoven with practical applications in financial economics and macroeconomics.

Course code: NEKN34 | Download syllabus

The content is as follows:

  • Linear algebra (advanced matrix algebra, vector spaces, subspaces, metric spaces, spectral theorem),
  • Mathematics (measure theory, Lebesgue integral, Stieltjes integral, multivariable calculus),
  • Numerical analysis (numeric optimization, numeric derivative and numeric integration),
  • Probability theory (probability spaces, random variable, random vector, moments, functions of random variables, moment generating functions),
  • Asymptotic analysis (convergence in probability, law of large numbers, central limit theorems), Statistic (estimator, properties of an estimator, inference),
  • Regression analysis from a geometric perspective,
  • The statistical properties of the OLS estimator and inference,
  • Non-linear regression analysis,
  • Generalized regression analysis,
  • Endogeneity and instrumental variables,
  • Analysis of moments: method of moments and generalized method of moments,
  • The maximum likelihood method,
  • Simulation methods (Bootstrap, SMM)

Course code: NEKP35 | Download syllabus


Financial Economics profile – recommended specialisation courses 

60 ECTS credits of specialisation courses and/or elective courses are required for each profile. These are recommended specialisation courses for this specific profile: 

The objective of the course is to introduce students to the study of economic and financial decision-making. The course will review the classical models of decision under risk and uncertainty and confront the models with empirical evidence. Several behavioural regularities have been established concerning how individuals make decisions. In response to this evidence there is growing body of theoretical and applied work, which will be examined.

Course code: NEKN22 | Download syllabus

The course gives an introduction to basic concepts within time series analysis. The univariate analysis of time series in this course is based upon ARMA/ARIMA and ARCH-/GARCH models. Multivariate time series analysis is based on VAR models. Nonstationary time series are analysed using unit root tests, cointegration methods and VEC models. Theoretical studies are interwoven with practical applications in financial economics and macroeconomics.

Course code: NEKN34 | Download syllabus

The course contains the following building blocks: investment decision under certainty, the risk free rate and Fisher-separability, risk aversion and expected utility, Arrow-Debreu securities, portfolio theory, market equilibrium, CAPM and multi-factor equilibrium models, derivatives, term structure of the interest rates, real options, efficient markets, information asymmetry and agent theory.

Course code: NEKN81 | Download syllabus

The course begins with a brief discussion of estimation methods that can be used to analyse financial models. This is followed by a description of the time series properties of various financial data. The most important theoretical models in finance are then presented, accompanied by an explanation of the methods that are available for testing theoretical hypotheses. The course concentrates on the following issues: tests for information efficiency, market microstructure, event study, portfolio valuation, testing asset pricing models and fixed incomes.

Course code: NEKN82 | Download syllabus

The course begins with an overview of risk management in general with the Basel legislation as a real world backdrop. This is followed by a discussion of the theoretical properties of risk measures, in particular VaR (Value-at-Risk) and ES (Expected shortfall). The course continues with practical aspects and implementation of methods used to actually measure VaR and ES. This is followed by a general discussion of credit risk and finally the course covers models used in practice to measure and control credit risk.

Course code: NEKN83 | Download syllabus


International and Development Economics profile – recommended specialisation courses 

60 ECTS credits of specialisation courses and/or elective courses are required for each profile. These are recommended specialisation courses for this specific profile: 

This course aims at a deeper understanding of international integration. The course covers both theoretical and empirical questions about integration. While the focus of the intermediate course in economic integration is on negative integration, i.e. the reduction of trade impediments, this course focuses on positive integration, i.e. the creation of new instruments and institutions in order to strengthen integration.

Course code: NEKN71 | Download syllabus

The course begins with an extended analytical treatment of the trade theories dealt with in Trade Theory on intermediate level, where the implications of imperfect competition for international trade are emphasised and further developed. Thereafter, the heterogeneous firm-model, the new economic geography, the political economy of and history of thought on trade policy, as well as results from and methods for qualified critical and independent empirical analyses of international trade flows are introduced.

Course code: NEKN72 | Download syllabus

The point of departure for this course is that economies are low-income because of a lack of economic growth. This in turn depends on low integration in the global economy, low investment and a lack of efficient institutions. Particular interest is placed in the course on issues of growth, inequality and poverty and on strategies to increase growth and reduce poverty. The course focuses on land reforms, credit markets, trade policies, foreign aid and the limitations of government.

Course code: NEKN73 | Download syllabus

During the first spring semester, you may choose one of the following two courses:

This course covers modern econometric tools and empirical strategies used by economists and demographers for the analysis of cross-sectional and panel micro- data. The course teaches the econometric theory behind these techniques but also requires reading of high-quality empirical articles and applications of the taught methods using real data sets.

Course code: NEKN33 | Download syllabus

The course gives an introduction to basic concepts within time series analysis. The univariate analysis of time series in this course is based upon ARMA/ARIMA and ARCH-/GARCH models. Multivariate time series analysis is based on VAR models. Nonstationary time series are analysed using unit root tests, cointegration methods and VEC models. Theoretical studies are interwoven with practical applications in financial economics and macroeconomics.


Macroeconomics profile – recommended specialisation courses

60 ECTS credits of specialisation courses and/or elective courses are required for each profile. These are recommended specialisation courses for this specific profile: 

The course gives an introduction to basic concepts within time series analysis. The univariate analysis of time series in this course is based upon ARMA/ARIMA and ARCH-/GARCH models. Multivariate time series analysis is based on VAR models. Nonstationary time series are analysed using unit root tests, cointegration methods and VEC models. Theoretical studies are interwoven with practical applications in financial economics and macroeconomics.

Course code: NEKN34 | Download syllabus

The course focuses on macroeconomic issues that arise when studying and analysing open economies. The content of the course is focused on international flows of goods and capital and on models for the determination of the exchange rate. During the course, the theoretical background to central questions will be introduced and empirical results will be analysed. The course contains exercises that are of an applied nature.

Course code: NEKN42 | Download syllabus

Within the framework of growth theory, dynamic models in continuous and discrete time are treated with particular emphasis on the fundamental tools for advanced analysis of economic growth. Using those models, growth theory is provided with a microeconomic underpinning based on individuals and firms’ decisions. The course presents a selection of endogenous growth models and provides a deeper understanding of the role of investment in human capital and research and development in the growth process.

Course code: NEKP41 | Download syllabus

The course covers open economy macroeconomic theory at an advanced analytical and formal level. It develops standard macroeconomic models into the framework of an open economy with intertemporal decision-making. Topics covered include various macroeconomic aspects including the intertemporal decision-making on and development of the current account, consumption, investment, public consumption, taxes, the public debt. In terms of economic policy, the scope and consequences of fiscal policy in an open economy is analysed.

Course code: NEKP42 | Download syllabus


Public Economics with Health and Labour Economics profile – recommended specialisation courses

60 ECTS credits of specialisation courses and/or elective courses are required for each profile. These are recommended specialisation courses for this specific profile

This course covers modern econometric tools and empirical strategies used by economists and demographers for the analysis of cross-sectional and panel micro- data. The course teaches the econometric theory behind these techniques but also requires reading of high-quality empirical articles and applications of the taught methods using real data sets.

Course code: NEKN33 | Download syllabus

This course deals with the problems of identifying, quantifying and evaluating the advantages and drawbacks to society as a whole of various kinds of policy changes. The main focus is on valuation models for non-market goods, where the foundations of welfare economics will serve as a base for the evaluations methods. Examples are taken from environment, transport and health economics.

Course code: NEKN51 | Download syllabus

The course provides an overview of a number of core areas in health economics, with a focus on research issues, methods, results and unresolved issues. These areas usually include individual health related behaviour, the physician-patient relationship, health insurance, competition in the hospital industry, innovation and diffusion of medical technology, equity in theory and practice, health care systems, gender issues, the causes and effects of demographic change and the situation in developing countries.

Course code: NEKN61 | Download syllabus

The specific topics covered in the course can vary. The first part of the course treats theories on labour supply and theories of labour demand. The second part of the course is devoted to theories of discrimination. The third part covers theories of intergenerational mobility with empirical applications. The final part is devoted to human capital theory, and empirical methods to estimate the causal return to schooling. Theories and applications of wage inequality, overeducation and mismatch are scrutinized as well.

Course code: NEKN66 | Download syllabus

The course focuses on the relationship between the government and the market and arguments for and against government involvement. The course will cover a wide range of the many critical decisions policy makers face regarding both the expenditure side and the financing of the public sector, as well as the implications of these on individuals’ and firms’ behaviour and the overall economy. Topics covered include, public choice, fiscal federalism, optimal taxation theory and the trade-off between efficient and equitable taxation, and tax incidence.

Course code: NEKP51 | Download syllabus

You learn how to cope with a large workload and multiple deadlines, analyze and solve complex problems, and how to work together with different types of people. These are all skills that you will benefit from when entering working life.

– Audun Gjerde (Norway)

The programme equips us with the necessary quantitative skills in mathematics, statistical methods, and econometrics to test theories, carry out policy analysis, and pursue original research at the PhD level. The workload is high and the pace is incredibly fast. 

– Alfred Romero Molina (Spain)


Career opportunities

There is a broad and extensive labour market for economists both nationally and internationally. The demand for the competence of economists with a master’s degree is relatively constant over time or even growing.

You will be qualified for advanced positions within the private and public sectors. There is a broad and extensive labour market for economists both nationally and internationally. The demand for the competence of economists with a master’s degree is relatively constant over time or even growing. You will be qualified for advanced positions within the private and public sectors.

Graduates find employment in government authorities and public institutions, in large companies, in the financial sector, in private research centres, in the health sector and in a large number of international institutions such as central banks, government departments, OECD, EU, The World Bank, development agencies, economics consultancies, financial organisations, international corporations etc. The programme also provides excellent preparation for PhD studies.


Programme requirements