Grades and credits
When you study at Lund University, your academic accomplishments will be measured in credits, using the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS):
- 60 ECTS credits equals the workload of a full-time student over one academic year (40 weeks).
- 30 ECTS credits equals the workload of a full-time student over one semester (20 weeks).
The transcript of results from Lund University will record academic accomplishments in ECTS.
Grading scale at the School of Economics and Management
Grades are awarded in accordance with a criterion-based grading scale A-F at Lund University School of Economics and Management.
|A (Excellent)||100-85||A distinguished result that is excellent with regard to the following aspects – theoretical depth, practical relevance, analytical ability and independent thought.|
|B (Very good)||84-75||A very good result with regard to the above-mentioned aspects.|
|C (Good)||74-65||The result is of a good standard with regard to the above-mentioned aspects and lives up to expectations.|
|D (Satisfactory)||64-55||The result is of a satisfactory standard with regard to the above-mentioned aspects and lives up to expectations.|
|E (Sufficient)||54-50||The result satisfies the minimum requirements with regard to the above-mentioned aspects, but not more.|
|F (Fail)||49-0||The result does not meet the minimum requirements with regard to the above-mentioned aspects.|
It is up to the teaching professor to decide whether the credits of a course should be converted into a total of 100 points for each course, or if the scale above should be used as percentage points of any chosen scale instead.
With this grading scale, we are are able to provide students with additional information on the average distribution of grades for all courses at the School.
Grading scales at Lund University
At Lund University, there are five different grading scales. The relevant faculty board decides which grading scale is to be used for which course. This means that your degree or transcript may include courses with different grading scales.