Postdoctoral researchers

Get to know our Postdoctoral researchers

My research offers exciting knowledge of the role and impact of entrepreneurship graduates in entrepreneurial university-based ecosystems. The research utilises longitudinal qualitative research methods and explores why and how entrepreneurship graduates engage in enterprising and innovative activities in and around the university and analysing what characterises these activities and interactions and their implications on the surrounding entrepreneurial ecosystem.

Ziad EL-Awad - Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: The role and impact of entrepreneurship graduates in the Øresund Region

Project/Research aims

Entrepreneurship is considered a vital economic development and growth source in today's knowledge-based economy. Policies at multiple levels have fueled a growing ecosystem of organisations that design and offer coordinated programs to instigate and accelerate new venture creation. Universities are vital contributors to entrepreneurial ecosystems and offer a fertile ground for knowledge-based entrepreneurship. A vital component in university-based entrepreneurship ecosystems is action-based venture creation programs. Research suggests that entrepreneurship graduates are more likely to start new businesses and have stronger entrepreneurial intentions than other graduates. Moreover, those starting businesses are often located near their home universities reaping benefits from co-location, economies of scale and scope, and knowledge spillover. However, despite a growing stream of research, there is little knowledge about the role and contribution of entrepreneurship graduates in this setting. Therefore, my research aims to: 

-       Explore the activities and interactions through which entrepreneurship graduates, engage in university-based entrepreneurial ecosystems. 

-       Identify what characterizes entrepreneurship graduates’ interactions and behaviours within their entrepreneurial ecosystem. 

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Emerging trends and technologies such as crowdfunding and blockchain have been promising entrepreneurs and investors revolutionary new financing and investing options for several years. After some hype a few years ago, it is time to evaluate the long-term success of such instruments with a focus on the role of ownership.

Johannes Gartner - The role of ownership in innovative forms of finance

We examine the role of ownership in c-level management and its influence on financing and company success in new forms of financing such as through Initial Coin Offering (ICO). By doing so, we examine a wide variety of influences such as skills, education and experience of the managers or the region, industry and communication strategy of the companies for their effect on short-term financing and long-term corporate success. We attach great importance to an excellent and extensive data basis in order to obtain results with a high level of significance, to contribute not only to research but also to practice and policy.

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Are big companies generators of change and innovation in the Swedish economy? The analysis of the locational distribution of their research labs sheds light on the sources of their innovation capabilities. Understanding whether Sweden represents the main source for tapping into new talented inventors or whether big companies develop technology abroad is of crucial importance.

Ioana Igna - Sweden's Position in Global Value Chains 

Globalization of innovation activities is a major topic in the business and academic communities, and large companies play a crucial role in the creation and diffusion of new technologies. We explore the activities performed abroad and in Sweden by a sample of multinational companies and their subsidiaries, and the relative importance of Sweden in their global innovation networks. We compile a data set on 200 plus domestic and foreign-owned companies headquartered in Sweden, gathering information from annual reports and patent data. Exploring the worldwide geographical distribution of their patenting activities, we observe the implementation of heterogeneous strategies. While a group of companies still maintain Sweden as the main centre for innovation, other companies construct multiple knowledge generation networks across the world. 

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I consider the current economic system is extremely unfair, in particular for those living in the global South. As a way to resist injustice, many alternatives seek to build up an economic order that includes everyone. Thus, my interest in community currencies in Argentina aims to make these experiences visible and help them to gain wider recognition.

Paola Raffaelli - Alternative economic practices towards social change: Community currencies in Argentina

My research intersects the areas of Social Entreprenurship and Financial Innovation. This means that I do research on innovations produced collectively as a way to improve communities’ financial situation, in connection withcommunity currencies. Through community currencies, communities provide themselves access to funding, therefore, this offers them financial and monetary infrastructures and a novel route for social enterprise. Thus, in this project I explore the institutional arrangements and individual practices in a community currency, which hopefully will contribute in making community currencies more popular and a more accessible innovation for more communities.

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Research on entrepreneurship ecosystems allows understanding of the conditions that are desired for birth and growth of ventures in different places. The entrepreneurship ecosystem perspective is useful for tackling highly relevant societal issues such as those related to Sustainable Development Goals. Indeed, by understanding and improving entrepreneurship ecosystem frameworks in different contexts, we can firstly notice the ecosystem drawbacks and then make them to work in support of sustainability.

Jasna Pocek - High-impact entrepreneurship in entrepreneurial eco-systems

During my postdoc at Sten K Jonson Center for Entrepreneurship I am working on entrepreneurship ecosystems and institutions. Adopting institutional perspective to this topic means investigating the rules according to which organizations of the ecosystem and companies behave. What are the rules of the game that guide their behavior and once we know them, how do these impact the dynamics of entrepreneurship ecosystem. The aim of the research is to understand which kind of rules we can promote so as to strengthen certain types of entrepreneurship ecosystems, what kind of rules are deeply embedded in the environment and what about those that arrive at “faster speed”. 

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My research interest lies in issues related to understanding the drivers that motivates entrepreneurs to switch from not adopting theoretical norms into doing so. I focus on exploring the drivers that “force” entrepreneurs to adopt norms and to fit in. This type of research highlights the importance of scholars as well as practitioners to reflect upon the consequences and benefits of implementing a norm and culture around their choices that are not adjusted to the specifics to the firm.

Zahida Sarwary - The choice of capital structure among high-growth firms

The overall purpose of the project is to explore the role of ownership structure on the firm’s choice of capital structure. We primarily focus on entrepreneurs that operate on a market that could potentially force them to introduce the norms and culture of the market into their choices of capital structure. Many times if the entrepreneur cleave to the cultural norm and avoid adjusting the choices around the capital structure to the firms specifics, it could lead to costly mistakes. By doing so, one gets closer to understand the managerial discretion of the entrepreneur and brings practice closer to theory.

 

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Contact

Ziad El-Awad
Postdoctoral fellow

ziad.el-awad@fek.lu.se

Ziad El-Awad

Contact

Johannes Gartner
Postdoctoral fellow

johannes.gartner@fek.lu.se

Contact

Ioana Igna
Project assistant, postdoctoral fellow

ioana.igna@fek.lu.se
Phone: +46 46 222 03 45

Ioana Igna

Contact

Paola Raffaelli
Postdoctoral fellow

paola.raffaelli@fek.lu.se

Paola Raffaelli

Contact

Jasna Pocek
Postdoctoral fellow

jasna.pocek@fek.lu.se
Phone: +46 46 222 78 15
Room: Alfa1:1092

Jasna Pocek

Contact

Zahida Sarwary
Postdoctoral fellow

zahida.sarwary@fek.lu.se

Last published: 2022-02-08